does the BioPhotonic Scanner measure?
is the scan test performed?
does the BioPhotonic Scanner work?
there any side effects from using the BioPhotonic Scanner?
did the BioPhotonic Scanner come about?
is the significance of this new technology and why is it important to
should get scanned?
can I get scanned?
there scientific studies validating the BioPhotonic Scanner?
it true that this technology is only available from Pharmanex®?
is the scanning technology made available to the general
radicals, antioxidants and carotenoids
are free radicals?
is the antioxidant defense system?
is it important to know the level of carotenoids in your body?
are carotenoids found in our skin and why is the palm of our hand the
site of action?
else are carotenoids measured?
Skin Carotenoid Score
does my Skin Carotenoid Score mean?
are the factors that contribute to my Skin Carotenoid Score?
can I improve my score?
did Pharmanex® come up with the number ranges that indicate the Skin Carotenoid Score?
the Skin Carotenoid Score reflects only skin carotenoids, how good is it
to assess my overall antioxidant defense?
does the BioPhotonic Scanner measure?
The BioPhotonic Scanner measures the level of carotenoid antioxidants
in the skin. The level of skin carotenoids is a good reflection of carotenoids
in the body, which in turn is an important indicator of the strength of
your body's antioxidant defense system.
How is the
scan test performed?
The person being tested simply places the palm of his/her hand in front
of a low-energy blue light laser. There is no feeling, no pain, and no
the BioPhotonic Scanner work?
BioPhotonic technology is a new advancement in laser technology and is
made possible by applying optics concepts to the investigation of living
human tissues. In the BioPhotonic scanner we use the fact that each species
of molecules in the body can generate a different set of colors of light
when stimulated with a laser beam.
Therefore, this color
spectrum is a unique optical fingerprint of a particular molecule species.
The instrument uses a blue laser with a wavelength of 473 nm. When this
laser hits a carotenoid molecule, a unique fingerprint spectrum with a
prominent peak at 510 nm is generated by the carotenoid molecules.
The green light is
emitted out of the skin and captured by a highly sensitive light detector.
A computer analyzes the amount of this green light and produces a numeric
reading called the Skin Carotenoid Score.
any side effects from using the BioPhotonic Scanner?
no side effects or potential health risks when properly using the scanner.
The BioPhotonic Scanner uses a well-researched low-energy laser and is
exposed to only a dime-sized portion of your body for less than 30 seconds.
The BioPhotonic Scanner is a safe and non-invasive technology and is safe
for all ages.
How did the
BioPhotonic Scanner come about?
The scanner was developed by Dr. Werner Gellermann from the University
of Utah, Department of Physics, and several collaborators from the University's
School of Medicine.
Using Raman technology
Dr. Gellermann and his team developed an instrument that projected laser
light on the back of the eye and reflected back to a detector measuring
carotenoid content in the retina. They then applied the same Raman technology
to measure carotenoid antioxidant levels in skin tissues.
What is the
significance of this technology? Why is it important to consumers?
Each day we are exposed to a dangerous and common group of molecules called
free radicals. Free radicals are unstable molecules that steal or "scavenge"
electrons from other molecules. Fortunately, nature has provided a solution
to the threat of free-radical damage--antioxidants.
in the scanner testing can obtain an immediate reading of their own antioxidant
activity--their Skin Carotenoid Score. Consumers are then empowered with
a personalized assessment that can be used to develop an antioxidant defense
Who should get scanned?
Anyone who is mindful of his or her current and future health should take
the opportunity to get scanned. BioPhotonic measurement is destined to
become the dietary assessment of the future.
I get scanned?
Certified BioScan operators will be able to scan you at your convenience. Click here to locate a scanner operator in your area.
scientific studies validating the BioPhotonic Scanner?
In accordance with the Pharmanex® 6S
process, the BioScan technology is substantiated with both independent
and Pharmanex® sponsored research. Scientific reviews of the technology
and application to measure skin carotenoids were published by Hata et
al. (J. Invest. Dermatology 155:441-448, 2000) and Gellermann et al.(Optics
Letters 26:1179-1181, 2001).
Furthermore, a good
article describing the technology in layman's terms has been published
by Gellermann et al. in the September 2002 issue of the journal, Cosmetic
Dermatology. Pharmanex® performed an in-house study with 1,375 subjects,
showing that the Skin Carotenoid Score correlates well with LifePak®
usage and fruit and vegetable consumption.
Another in-house study
showed that LifePak® supplementation leads to dramatic increases in
the Skin Carotenoid Score within 4 weeks with further increases at 8 and
12 weeks. More clinical studies are being conducted that will result in
With the ability to
scan thousands of people easily and safely, Pharmanex® will be able
to obtain valuable data about fruit and vegetable consumption, assess
overall antioxidant nutrition and make advancements in such areas as skin
and antioxidant health.
Is it true
that this technology is only available from Pharmanex®?
Yes. Pharmanex® is the exclusive owner of the patented BioPhotonic
How is the scanning technology made available to the general public?
It is available to the public through Pharmanex®'s network
of independent representatives who specialize in health education and
the distribution of nutritional supplements.
antioxidants and carotenoids
are free radicals?
When we breathe, we take in oxygen and generate free radicals. Free radicals
are atoms that have at least one unpaired electron, thus making them unstable
and highly reactive.
Free radicals then
roam throughout the body causing damage to our cells by stealing stable
electron partners from other cells, causing more free radicals, more instability
and more damage. This cell damage can impair our body's ability to fight
against illness. Antioxidant nutrients protect against this oxidation
by rendering free radicals harmless.
Free radicals are affected by your diet (including supplements and medications),
body fat percentage, physical activity, and your exposure to sun, pollution,
and cigarette smoke. They are also affected by your genetic ability to
Antioxidants are stable molecules that have electrons to spare. When antioxidants
come in contact with free-radical molecules, they freely share their electrons
and stop the degenerative chain reaction of free-radical oxidation.
What is the
antioxidant defense system?
In the body, a comprehensive network of antioxidants works together in
synergy to afford effective protection from free radical damage. This
is known as the antioxidant defense system.
The antioxidant defense
system consists of both intrinsic and extrinsic antioxidants. Intrinsic
antioxidants are made in the body, often from nutrients we obtain in our
diet. The antioxidant enzymes (SOD, GPX, catalase, etc.), L-glutathione
and coenzyme Q10 are important intrinsic antioxidants.
can not be made by our body and so must be obtained from our diet. Examples of extrinsic
antioxidants include vitamins E & C, alpha-lipoic acid, carotenoids
and flavonoids. To promote an optimal antioxidant defense system, it is
important to include all of these nutrients in the diet.
Carotenoids are red, yellow and orange pigments distributed throughout
nature, particularly in the fruits and vegetables we eat. They are among
the most beneficial antioxidants and work to balance out the destructive
effects of free radicals.
Recent research indicates
a strong link between free radicals and the risk of disease. LifePak®,
a group of supplements produced by Pharmanex®, contains the most important
carotenoids: lycopene, alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and lutein.
Why is it
important to know the level of carotenoids in your body?
There are many different kinds of antioxidants but carotenoids are important
because they are some of the more potent antioxidants, protecting our
cells from the damaging effects of free radicals.
Higher levels of antioxidants
in the body may indicate a higher level of cellular protection. The carotenoids
are an important part of the body's antioxidant network, and their tissue
(skin) levels are an important indicator of the overall strength of the
body's antioxidant defense system.
Why are carotenoids
found in our skin and why is the palm of our hand the site of action?
Carotenoids are absorbed with the aid of dietary fat. Thus they are found
predominately in the "fatty" areas of the body, including your
skin. The fatty tissue in our palm is a prime area for testing because
it is easily accessible, has a relatively high carotenoid content due
to the higher amount of fatty tissue, and there is a minimal difference
in skin pigmentation between subjects in this tissue area.
are carotenoids measured?
Carotenoids are typically measured by invasive techniques requiring blood
samples or urine tests. These tests are expensive and may take weeks before
you receive your results. Also, these tests may only reflect what was
recently consumed, i.e. the previous meal. The BioPhotonic Scanner is
a great way to measure your carotenoid level safely and non-invasively.
Skin Carotenoid Score
my Skin Carotenoid Score mean?
Your Skin Carotenoid Score is a measurement of the presence of carotenoid
antioxidants in your skin. Carotenoids are powerful antioxidants found
in abundance in certain fruits and vegetables. Carotenoids neutralize
damaging free radical molecules and are absorbed in human plasma and tissue,
providing an excellent indicator of a person's overall antioxidant health
Unlike other methods
of measuring antioxidants that require the invasive collection of body
fluids (in which antioxidant levels will fluctuate throughout the day),
your Skin Carotenoid Score is a measurement of the presence of carotenoid
antioxidants in your tissue-providing you with a more accurate biomarker
of your antioxidant defense level.
The scoring system
was developed specifically for the BioPhotonic Scanner and has no relation
to other biomarkers that you may be familiar with.
the factors that contribute to my Skin Carotenoid Score?
There are several variables that factor into your Skin Carotenoid Score,
such as your genetic ability to absorb carotenoids, your diet (generally
fresh fruits and vegetables contain the highest level of nutrients), antioxidant
supplements, medications, smoking, sun exposure and your environment.
People will absorb carotenoids from foods, and from their supplements
How can I
improve my score?
You can begin by eating more fruits and vegetables that are rich in carotenoid antioxidants. Daily consumption of a dietary supplement such as LifePak®
that provides a full spectrum of powerful antioxidants including antioxidant carotenoids may also result in a higher score.
Remember, high body
fat percentage and exposure to pollution, cigarette smoke, and sunlight
may negatively impact your antioxidant defense levels. Changes to your
diet or lifestyle activities will take about 30 to 60 days before they
are reflected in your Skin Carotenoid Score.
How did Pharmanex®
come up with the number ranges that indicate the Skin Carotenoid Score?
The number ranges are based on research involving the scanning of 1,375
people. The scanning resulted in carotenoid levels ranging from a low
of 1,500 to a very high 73,000. The mean average was 19,000. Subjects
in the study who reported eating a recommended diet of six or more fruits
and vegetables per day, and/or using supplements, measured 25,000 and
above. This study suggests that readings of 25,000 or above provide healthy
levels of antioxidants.
Skin Carotenoid Score reflects only skin carotenoids, how good is it to assess
my overall antioxidant defense?
The carotenoids are an important part of the body's antioxidant network,
and their tissue (skin) levels are an important indicator of the overall
strength of the body's antioxidant defense system.
As a member of an
important network, it is likely that carotenoid levels will be in balance with other components of the antioxidant defense system. As with all health
tests, the biophotonically measured Skin Carotenoid Score is one of several
possible indicators of your health.